This Radical Quebec “Cabin” Doubles as a Habitat for Endangered Bats
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Location: Wakefield, Quebec, Canada
Architect: Kariouk Architects / @karioukarchitects
Footprint: 900 square feet
General Contractor: GPL Construction
Structural Engineer: Daniel Bonardi Consulting Engineers
Cabinetry Design: Handwerk
Heavy Timber Consultant: StyxWorks
Heavy Timber Assembly: Laverty Log Homes
Photographer: Scott Norsworthy / @norsworthyscott
From the Architect: "The paradigmatic North American cottage is romanticized as a wilderness log cabin. Nonetheless, typical cottages are ‘woodsy’ versions of suburban homes with every modern convenience. These buildings sustain the myth that appearing to be one with the land equates to a reduced impact on the environment.
"The m.o.r.e. Cabin inverts this idea through a separation from the landscape that is more sustainably constructed than other cottages. This unravelling of eco-fictions is not cynical, but optimistic: while organic environments are being degraded, what remains can be engaged more responsibly.
"To this end, the cabin touches the land lightly by interpreting the law creatively to uphold its principles, reducing foundation size through a steel mast, a low-waste cross-laminated timber (CLT) structure, achieving greater tensile strength through a ‘folded’ structure, off-grid power and high-efficiency heating, and creating a home for endangered bats."
"Zoning rules required a 100-foot setback from the lake. A cliff face at that 100-foot mark was incorporated into the design, whereas conventional construction approaches would entail blasting. To minimize harm to the hillside and forest, a zoning variance was obtained to allow the front of m.o.r.e. Cabin to hover above, rather than sit on, the 100-foot mark.
"The technical solution to the environmental issue involved a single concrete footing and a steel ‘mast’ placed within the required setback. Avoiding a conventional large foundation preserved the watershed and prevented erosion, as did elevating the construction zone. Use of carbon-intensive concrete was also reduced for a lower carbon footprint.
"m.o.r.e. Cabin is built with sustainably-sourced CLT panels and glulam beams. The CLT was milled offsite then hoisted into place, avoiding damage to the landscape by the maneuvering of construction machinery.
"The home is solar-powered. The elevated cottage catches more breezes and has excellent cross-ventilation. Heat is provided by a high-efficiency ‘green carbon’ wood stove. Good R-value and thermal comfort are provided by CLT’s mass, and precise joinery provides air-tightness.
"One goal of the home was to create extensive lodging for endangered brown bats. Bat pods were integrated into the mast to provide safety from climbing predators and a clear flight path to the lake.
"‘m.o.r.e.’ stands for the clients’ immigrant grandmothers’ names; all of whom did more with less—and gracefully so."
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