World's First 3D-Printed House Springs up in Russia in 24hrs

Believed to be the first house printed using mobile 3D printing technology, a 38-square-meter surface structure has sprung up in Stupino, Moscow.
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"Printed" as a whole, rather than assembled from pre-printed panels, by Russian companies Apis Cor and PIK, construction took place at Apis Cor's test facility, with casting of self-bearing walls, partitions and building envelope completed in less than a day—and the machine time of printing rated at 24 hours. 

As it was erected in winter, the concrete mixture used as printing "ink" complicated matters. With concrete liquid only at temperatures above 41°F, a tent was erected over the construction to warm things up. The equipment itself, however, is able to operate in temperatures as low as -31°F. After completing the wall structures, the printer was removed with a crane. The use of new materials, such as geopolymer, in the near-future will allow printing at any temperature.

The Apis Cor 3D printing "arm" is reminiscent of a tower crane and is small, easily transportable and does not require detailed preparation before construction can begin, utilizing a built-in automatic horizon alignment and stabilization system. The printing process is automated and almost eliminates human error.

The mineral plaster used consists of white cement and ball-shaped marble and granite crumbs, offering heat insulation and combining well with thermal insulation systems, especially those such as mineral wool. The final finish is a thin-layer decorative plaster wall that does not require further insulation. The material is easy to work with and exhibits good hydrophobic properties.

The mineral plaster consists of white cement and ball-shaped marble and granite crumbs.

Five companies in total collaborated on the project. TechnoNICOL developed the custom roofing and insulation solutions to maximize the benefits of 3D printing. The roof is flat and the proposed solution  and can effectively withstand high snow loads. It is comparable cost-wise to steel roofs, common in Russia.

TechnoNICOL Corporation provided the roofing materials, hydro-acoustic and thermal insulation, as well as solutions for the transportation and road construction for this project. 

The roofing carpet is made of LOGICROOF polymer membranes. Membrane patches are welded together with special equipment using hot air. Installation works at speeds of up to 1000 m² under any weather conditions. Owing to the low thermal conductivity of the material (0.022 w/sq.m), the thickness and total weight of the roofing system is much lowers than traditional insulation materials. 

German company BITEX provided unique finishing materials for the project: a mineral decorative plaster known as Reibeputz, and a high adhesion and vapor permeability and façade paint, Egalisationsfarbe, which is durable and resistant to adverse weather conditions. The paint is easy to apply and easily fills in roughness. After drying, it offers a solid matte surface without cracks, is eco-friendly, and resistant to weather conditions.

Fabrika Okon, a manufacturer of thermo-windows with climate control, provided the double-glazed windows.  

Samsung provided high-tech appliances, including a TV set with the same radius of curvature as the curved walling of the house. 


Number of chambers: 6 

Soundproofing: Class 4 

Frost resistance: Up to −70F 

Product life: 50 years 

Anti break-in system 

 climate control system

The final construction cost of the printed house is given at $10,134, approximately $275 per square meter.


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