From Tina Bergman
SUMMER HOUSE IN THE ARCHIPELAGO OF NORTH SWEDEN
BY TINA BERGMAN ARCHITECTS, LONDON
HUS NILSSON is a summer house situated at the Norrfjärden bay in the archipelago of north Sweden, on a steep slope between the forest and the sea. Despite being on the east coast, the site is facing west. Buildings in the area are mainly summer houses, scattered along the coast line and accessed from behind by a net of private roads. The bay is lively with people fishing and bathing in the summer, and ice skating in the winter.
The existing house on the site was a very small cabin from the 1950s, without water in the winter and mainly built for short visits - somewhere to get warm after fishing and skating. The family wanted a house inhabitable during all seasons, with internal and external spaces turning towards the beautiful view across the bay and towards the forest. They also wanted a house which could both be sociable and allow for privacy for the different members of the family, also in the long term.
The new house, a singular long and narrow building volume with a steep pitched roof and closed gables, spans across the site and aims to be the connection between the forest and the water. By its form and its placement on the site, it allows many of its rooms a view of the sea; the placement also affords privacy and prevents the house from feeling overlooked by its neighbours. The building is tied to its site by being sat directly upon an existing stone retaining wall; the wall creates a natural outdoor terrace overlooking the sea, onto which the internal spaces connects. On the forest side, the site is excavated in order to create a more generous space for play and outdoor work.
The visual and physical contact between the house and with its surroundings is achieved by the general layout of the spaces: a central open and sociable living space with bedrooms on either ends which can be connected or closed off. This configuration incoorporates circulation space in order to minimize wasted floor area, and creates different ways of moving through the house, which together with enhanced sightlines increases the perception of space and gives a feeling of that the house is bigger than it is. This feeling is further emphasized by the central and freestanding fireplace which also provides a focal point and divides the large space into dining and living areas.The one commonly featured 'outdoor room' in Nordic private houses is here integrated in the main volume; by making it an external passage through the house, it not only creates a visual and physical connection between the forest and the sea, it also lifts it from its normal periferal position to be the nave of the building.
Hus Nilsson is by its form and materiality connecting to the local building tradition in the area. Although being situated by a fairly sheltered bay in the Baltic sea, the impact of the climate on buildings in this part of the country is significant. The roof has a steep pitch in order to reduce snow load, and is given a large overhang to better protect against wind and salty water. The facade is clad with heart of pine treated with a silicon protection and complemented with a cement based stone cladding on the forest facing elevations.The roof is of aluminium-zinc coated sheet steel. The structure is entirely made out of timber; load carrying timber studs with a gluelam roof structure. The foundation is a concrete slab foundation.
The building was completed in the summer of 2017. The construction took 7 months from the demolition of the existing cabin until completion, and was made possible by an efficient and very successful collaboration between the architect, client, and contractor.
Building type: summer house
Location: Söderhamn, Sweden
Archtect: Tina Bergman Architect, London
Contract form: traditional contract
Gross area: 128m2
Year of completion: 2017
MATERIALS AND MANUFACTORS
External timber of heart of pine with Sioo wood treatment
Cement based stone cladding, StoneCo
Roof of sheet steel with coating of aluminium-zinc
External windows and doors, Velfac
External granite paving
Internal timber cladding of spruce, Norrlandsträ
Floor tiles, CCHöganäs
Bricks and glazed firebricks, Tegelbolaget i Östersund
ABOUT TINA BERGMAN ARCHITECTS
Tina Bergman Architect is a London based architectural practice with projects mainly in Sweden and the UK. The practice was established in 2014 after winning the national architectural competition for an innovative care home in rural Sweden, a project which almost entirely was constructed out of timber and which was completed in 2016. Tina Bergman Architect was founded by Architect SAR/MSA RIBA Tina Bergman.
TEXTS TO PHOTOS
1. External view of living space.
2. Internal view of living space with central brick-clad fireplace.
3. External view from jetty.
4. External view from forest side.
5. External view from jetty.
6. External view from forest road.
7. External view of house from terrace.
8. Internal view of living space and central fire place.
9. Central brick-clad fireplace.
10. Internal view through the building.
11. Internal view through the building.
12. External view from forest side.
All photos by Peter Guthrie.
London, 9 May 2018.