Warp Speed

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By Arlene Hirst
The Danish tradition of apprenticeship and woodworking lives on at Carl Hansen & Søn.

If you have had the good fortune of sitting on a recent edition of the iconic Wishbone chair, designed by Hans J. Wegner in 1949, chances are pretty good that the geometrically patterned seat was crafted by Benny Hammer Larsen, a master weaver at Carl Hansen & Søn, the Danish company that has produced the chair since the day it came off the drawing board. Larsen, who specializes in weaving the seating and backrests for all of the Wegner designs that Carl Hansen & Søn manufactures, has such an abiding love for the Wishbone that he sports a tattoo of it on his left forearm. He can transform the 131 yards of paper cord required for its production into a finished chair in less than an hour (most of the company's 50 other weavers take up to 90 minutes). 

Warp Speed - Photo 1 of 12 -

Larsen, fondly referred to by everyone as Benny, has worked at Carl Hansen & Søn for 21 years and has become a star performer at trade shows and store events around the world, demonstrating the craftsmanship and dedication involved in producing a Wegner chair. Benny travels more miles a year than the company CEO, Knud Erik Hansen, a great-grandson of the founder. "Benny enjoys it," says Hansen, adding that Larsen was once a sailor and loves to see the world.

Warp Speed - Photo 2 of 12 - Master weaver Benny Hammer Larsen has worked for Danish furniture company Carl Hansen <br>&amp; Søn for more than two decades. He travels the globe, demonstrating the meticulous techniques used to realize each piece. He stands next to the reintroduced CH23 dining chair, by Hans J. Wegner.

Master weaver Benny Hammer Larsen has worked for Danish furniture company Carl Hansen
& Søn for more than two decades. He travels the globe, demonstrating the meticulous techniques used to realize each piece. He stands next to the reintroduced CH23 dining chair, by Hans J. Wegner.

Handweaving is a complex process. Hansen explains that trainees practice on one chair all day and then, in the evening, their attempts are discarded because "it has to be absolutely perfect." When asked why the company still makes all of its woven elements by hand, he explains that no one has ever invented a way to do the weaving by machine. "It’s impossible," he says. "If it were possible, we would do it."

Warp Speed - Photo 3 of 12 - Woven paper cord is a natural, cool, comfortable, and durable material. The variety that Carl Hansen &amp; Søn employs is treated with a thin layer of wax, which helps to prevent stains.

Woven paper cord is a natural, cool, comfortable, and durable material. The variety that Carl Hansen & Søn employs is treated with a thin layer of wax, which helps to prevent stains.

Although Benny is hearing-impaired, it was not difficult for him to learn his craft from an experienced master when he joined the company. Carl Hansen & Søn, like many Danish companies, is encouraged by the government to hire workers with disabilities. "It’s good for us and good for them," explains Hansen. "They are given rewarding work and we get loyal employees who are happy to stay with the company for many years."

Warp Speed - Photo 4 of 12 -

Benny’s latest challenge has been to work on the revival of the Hans J. Wegner CH23 dining chair. The CH23 completes the set of four chairs Wegner designed as his first collection for the Danish brand in 1949, over the course of just a few weeks. The remaining three—the CH22 lounge chair, the CH24 (Wishbone chair), and the CH25 lounge chair—have been in constant production or recently re-released. Now, all four of these original Wegner designs are available.

Warp Speed - Photo 5 of 12 - Benny carefully navigates the front corner of the CH23 dining chair, looping the cord to begin the weaving process.&nbsp;

Benny carefully navigates the front corner of the CH23 dining chair, looping the cord to begin the weaving process. 

 The CH23 seat, which is double-woven from paper cord—a painstaking task—takes about 90 minutes to complete. The six-step process is illustrated in the photographs that accompany this story. The company claims that the seat can last up to 50 years before it needs to be rewoven. 

Warp Speed - Photo 6 of 12 - The finished chairs are made to the exact specifications of Wegner’s 1949 design. The only difference is that the original was manufactured in teak, while the new versions are available in more sustainable oak or American walnut. Here, they appear at the head of a Wegner CH327 dining table. &nbsp;

The finished chairs are made to the exact specifications of Wegner’s 1949 design. The only difference is that the original was manufactured in teak, while the new versions are available in more sustainable oak or American walnut. Here, they appear at the head of a Wegner CH327 dining table.  

Benny explains that, for him, "The work is more than a profession. It’s in my blood. Working with a craft, you are part of a chain and hence part of the finished product." He is especially proud of the fact that every chair is one-of-a-kind.

Warp Speed - Photo 7 of 12 - &nbsp;1. Hammer Once Small L-shaped nails are hammered into the front and back seat rails.&nbsp;

 1. Hammer Once Small L-shaped nails are hammered into the front and back seat rails. 


Warp Speed - Photo 8 of 12 - 2. Hammer Twice&nbsp; &nbsp;Equally diminutive tacks are hammered into the leading end of the paper cord to hold it fast.

2. Hammer Twice   Equally diminutive tacks are hammered into the leading end of the paper cord to hold it fast.


Warp Speed - Photo 9 of 12 - 3. First Course&nbsp; &nbsp;The cord is then woven front to back and fastened to the L-shaped nails. Once this step is complete, the nails are hammered shut.&nbsp;

3. First Course   The cord is then woven front to back and fastened to the L-shaped nails. Once this step is complete, the nails are hammered shut. 


Warp Speed - Photo 10 of 12 - 4. Second Course&nbsp; Benny then weaves side to side, threading a double strand of cord over and under the front-to-back courses.&nbsp;

4. Second Course  Benny then weaves side to side, threading a double strand of cord over and under the front-to-back courses. 


Warp Speed - Photo 11 of 12 - 5. Tie and Tuck&nbsp;</p><p>Throughout the process, the cords are tied together and the knots are concealed under the seat.&nbsp;

5. Tie and Tuck 

Throughout the process, the cords are tied together and the knots are concealed under the seat. 


Warp Speed - Photo 12 of 12 - 6. Finish&nbsp; Two tacks are hammered into the tail end of the cord, ensuring that the seat stays secure.

6. Finish  Two tacks are hammered into the tail end of the cord, ensuring that the seat stays secure.

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