Beyond The Red Door
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Granville, the home of Denison University, has the quaint, nostalgic feel of a New England college town. Surrounded by Victorian homes nestled among rolling, wooded hills, its picturesque campus was designed by famed landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. It’s no surprise that Arch11’s Denver-based client felt inspired to seek out a home-away-from home on his frequent visits as an alum and Board Trustee. The client, having previously worked with the Denver/Boulder-basedArch11 on creative rehabilitation projects, hired the firm to renovate a 3-story, 1905 Victorian farmhouse adjacent to campus. Tasked with restoring and modernizing the home, the firm was asked to accommodate a private living space for the owner and visiting faculty as well as a main-level kitchen/dining/living space that might also be used for university gatherings. Originally thought of as a clean-up job, the client, design team, and contractor quickly recognized the need for a dramatic renovation of the home. Columbus-based contractor Andrew Hale recounted, "It looked like it had hosted a few too many all-night keg parties."
"The house had been a student rental for the last 40 years, carved up into several apartments and later abandoned," E.J. Meade, AIA of Arch11 concurred. "On my first visit to the house I found an entertainment section of a newspaper advertising the first Star Wars movie on a closet shelf. There wasn’t a level floor in the place, not to mention water and termite damage in almost all the walls."
Cary D’Alo Place of Arch11 added, "Every wall in the house was reframed except one. All the floors had to be lifted and leveled." Even with such extensive restoration and remodeling required, Arch11 – partnering with Hale Construction – was able to thoughtfully restore the exterior of the home. They not only met stringent historic review board standards, but boldly reinvented the 2,900 square feet of interior space as a minimalist 21st century venue for living and entertaining.
"It became pretty obvious that the house had great proportions," recounts Meade. The exterior was restored in a manner that both simplified and emphasized the historic proportions. The original slate roof was the only element that did not require restoration.
D’Alo Place noted that a guiding design principle was to universally "lighten and brighten." While Victorian homes were historically inward-looking, design decisions were made to invert this sensibility. Upon first encountering the house, the desire to brighten is first evident in the crisp, high-contrast white façade with dark windows. This exterior treatment is a departure from the home’s original, which was five types of dark gray siding. Amidst a field of white, there is a singular pop of color: a saturated red door, hinting that – as Meade puts it – "something else is going on" within the interior spaces of the home.
Beyond the red door, the Victorian era is left behind in favor of an unexpected minimalist design aesthetic. Upon entry, the open floor plan immediately connects the front and the back of the house, with unimpeded views of the wooded ravine beyond. Meade elaborates, "Our first move was to bring the modern sensibility of blurring the interior and exterior to work against the introverted quality of the original Victorian architecture. The floor plate didn’t accommodate the program, so we decided to create a glass ‘dining cube’ to open up the West side of the house."
"As soon as we opened up the back of the house it made the movement through the house more generous while allowing views and a consistent connection to nature. You walk through the door and you are immediately introduced to the site. We tried to continue this throughout the house with the floor, ceiling, and walls acting as frames to the outdoors," adds Meade.
This design process of inversion and reinforcing the home’s interior/exterior connection is exemplified by the unique treatment of the master suite’s bathroom. Rather than hide the bathroom along a perimeter or interior wall, the bath and sink area becomes a celebrated, sculptural element. Each side of the bathroom provides a different element to interact with: first the sink, then the shower, once again turning the notion of privacy inside out. "We didn’t want to shut down or close-in a portion of the house," explains Meade. "We liked the idea of this element being something freestanding and sculptural, allowing light and air to filter around it."
Arch11’s bold desire to respect the historic context, original proportions, and footprint of the farmhouse while creating a holistically different design proposition results in a successful display of dualities. From the exterior, the home is familiar in form but intriguingly shiny and new. The interior of the home celebrates the original windows sans heavy casings, allowing each aperture to serve as clean, ordered frames that encapsulate the wild and natural context.
Perhaps most exciting is that the rehabilitation of the home allows college-related gatherings to continue, but in a more timeless, sophisticated context than a keg party.