The hotel's design and programmatic criteria involve the effects of earthquakes, tremors and dislocations in the immediate environment. Italy has a long history of earthquakes and they are increasing in frequency, this design has been commissioned to contain and reduce the building's destruction and fatality as a result of earthquakes in the western province near Naples.
The hotel's plan consists of three separate elements which move away from each other when tremors are recorded by the hotel's seismometers. The building elements are constructed from a lightweight aluminium frame, annealed laminate glass panels and post-consumer recycled plastic panels which are strong yet malleable and light, making it easier to move away from the neighbouring element and slide along the length of the seismic parallelogram frame which they rest on. Once evacuated the fabricated panels fold with the frame as it rotates/moves with tremor. The interior platforms are directly attached to seismic dampers which vibrate but displacement is at a minimum helping with escape routes through the design.
The entire scheme sits on a series of parallelogram frames acting as seismic dampers, this grid of seismic isolation rubber bearings are partly exposed foundations, deforming and dislocating to ride out the tremors whilst reducing kinetic energy, the lightweight materials confine and reduce momentum. The isolators are a stack of lead and rubber plates which allow for greater deflection, the flexible joints absorb the external energy from an earthquake and dampen it reducing the amount of dislocation and damage to the aluminium frame and clad surfaces. The scheme is a shock absorber attaching itself to the landscape as the dampers lock down into the landscape upon the first recording of a seismic movement, anything above 5 on the Richter scale is treated as potentially fatal situation and the building responds. The architecture dislocates and breaks apart reducing the impact of destruction, early earthquake warning signs include water tray reverberations, the trays positioned around the design act as both a landscape feature and a tremor detection element, bird flight and the hotel aviary indicate an oncoming earthquake, this along with seismology readings and gps receivers attached to the seismic damper foundations, this grid of receivers detect an approaching tremor when a unnatural displacement in the landscape occurs over a larger area, or in this case the grounds of the hotel itself.
The architecture is choreographed by the earthquake, responding to the movement and minimising the impact of the kinetic energy. The software used to develop the design involves simulations in order to understand the effects of dislocations in the landscape.
Margot Krasojevic was raised in London, Serbia and Russia . Margot has an architecture design studio in London and Beijing; projects commissioned include a pop-up airport/airstrip hotel in Doha- The Jetway, which is a new building typology featured as part of Virgin Airways Disruptors. A series of projects followed focusing on renewable energy and sustainable architecture, including The Hydroelectric prison in Canada, The Spillway pavilion in Paris, The Hydro-electric Tidal House in Cape Town, The water purifying footbridge in Amsterdam and the Suspended Hotel Campsite in Provence to name a few.
She began running an undergraduate architecture design studio at The University of Greenwich and The Bartlett, U.C.L. Having worked for Zaha Hadid and NOX she opened her own research design studio, Decodeine, in 2000. Prior to which she was awarded a postgraduate diploma from the A.A. Completing her academic studies at U.C.L.
Margot lectured worldwide running seminars and design studios in advanced digital design in architecture at Washington University, St.Louis; Berkley school of architecture University of California; Austin Texas; University of Western Australia, Perth; Architectural Association, London; Harvard G.S.D and University of Sheffield.
Published two monographs entitled Floating Realities, Spatial Pathologies and Dynamics & De-realisation with Springer and most recently contributed to Harvard Press Lebbeus Woods Unbound.
Margot's academic, theoretical and practical deign approach focuses on encouraging cross-disciplinary dialogue to re-evaluate existing building typologies in light of environmental, social and technological change; By harnessing renewable energy to generate electricity endorses a sustainable environment and raises questions of appropriating the built environment and the ever-evolving role of architecture.
With depleting levels of non-renewable resources, attempting to harness renewable energy as an inherent part of the design strategy should be a requirement; a synthesis between large scale infrastructures, environmental, hydraulic, marine and hydrokinetic engineering and technology is important to learn how to re-appropriate and define inhabitable space as the way in which we live is changing at a much faster rate.
We need to adapt and this will involve new environments to claim.
The face of the built environment is changing and with it so should buildings.
Project: New build Seismic loading inhabitable structures series
Client: Gao Investment/China Film House, Beijing
Architect: Margot Krasojevic Ph.D
Ongoing project, research/ prototype seismic foundation frame
1. COMPOSITE CARBON FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER SHELL. Elite Carbon Fibre manufacturers, U.K
2. Vacuum bagged composite fibre shell elements
3. epoxy laminate molds for fibre glass construction. pressure sensitive tapes- Matrix composites, U.K.
4. technical textiles cantilever cladding, lighter than aluminium for weightlessness. Textile fibre materials determine stability through 45 degree torsions. The material adapts to the external forces of the cantilever and it's movement. carbon fibre basic material.
carbon fibre reinforced plastics allow for complex shapes more than steel or aluminium. weight saving. resin saturated cured elements, achieving lower weight for the cantilever.
5. 3m optical mirror film, light transmission. polymer film exhibits 99% light reflectance for interior and exterior cladding elements.
6. Interior materials. Polyester films transforming between transparent and translucent states dependent on viewing angles, anti-reflective privacy films.
8. Self healing polymers used to support internal mechanisms, sliding seamless surfaces and load transfer attachments between skin and skeleton.This structural deformity under load/earthquake tremor caters the telescopic composite fibre sections has a series of polymer sheaths which protect the design from wear and tear.
9. Motion capture system, sandwiched between the primary and tertiary structure record the movements inside the hotel, which during tremors aids in evacuation.
Material: Recycled plastic cladding panels from KLP®
Format: 120 x 60 cm
Thickness: 20 mm
Seismic dampers: VibraAbsorbers by AMC Mecanocaucho
Fixing system: Stainless steel in combination with galvanized and 3-times coated steel