Known as the patriarch of modern sculpture, Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957) was born in Romania, but made his career in France. After studying in Bucharest and Munich, the sculptor received additional training at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, France, working under fellow sculptors Antonin Mercié and Auguste Rodin.
It wasn't until 1920 that Brancusi faced the humilitation of seeing his Princess X (1916) get withdrawn due to alledgedly pornographic material from the Salon des Independants. It was this momentuous event that inspired the sculptor the desire to create his studio as a place of exhibition. The studio eventually became a haven and space for his original works' "doubles."