Shore Bet

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By Luke Hopping / Published by Dwell
Can smarter materials and better engineering mitigate the risk of living near the sea?

Bob and Margaret Bombara of Queens get away to the ocean whenever they can. Margaret, a retired educator, remembers trips to Staten Island "back when it was beaches," and she and Bob have spent more summers on Long Island’s East End than they can count. Recently they’ve taken up paddleboarding, which they’re getting the hang of steps from their newly built vacation home in Southold. "When we first stood on this property, before the house was here, and looked out, we were sold right away," Margaret says, pointing at Long Island Sound 50 yards off. 

Shore Bet - Photo 1 of 13 - When Superstorm Sandy struck the East Coast in fall 2012, Margaret and Bob Bombara were in the middle of planning their long-awaited beach house on Long Island’s North Fork. The disaster, which flooded their main home in Queens, gave them pause. For architect John Berg, it underscored a vital fact—the Bombaras’ vacation house would need to be able to stand up to high wind, heavy rain, and intense storm surges. 

When Superstorm Sandy struck the East Coast in fall 2012, Margaret and Bob Bombara were in the middle of planning their long-awaited beach house on Long Island’s North Fork. The disaster, which flooded their main home in Queens, gave them pause. For architect John Berg, it underscored a vital fact—the Bombaras’ vacation house would need to be able to stand up to high wind, heavy rain, and intense storm surges. 

Today the couple are at ease, but nearly five years ago, they witnessed the worst that the ocean can do. When Superstorm Sandy pummeled New York in October 2012, their main home, a Tudor located less than a block from Jamaica Bay in Queens’ Howard Beach, was badly damaged. Margaret and Bob, who were traveling at the time, returned to find two of their cars submerged, the home’s mechanicals and parquet floor drenched, and a refrigerator bobbing in the basement.  

Shore Bet - Photo 2 of 13 - The home, which is on Long Island Sound, is made of hardworking materials. Its Gore-Tex-wrapped plywood sheathing is protected by an Equitone fiber-cement rainscreen, which is the first line of defense during harsh weather conditions. 

The home, which is on Long Island Sound, is made of hardworking materials. Its Gore-Tex-wrapped plywood sheathing is protected by an Equitone fiber-cement rainscreen, which is the first line of defense during harsh weather conditions. 


Shore Bet - Photo 3 of 13 - Seifert Construction installed the panels with open joints, yet the building’s thermal envelope is safe from wind pressure.

Seifert Construction installed the panels with open joints, yet the building’s thermal envelope is safe from wind pressure.

In the weeks to come there would be much to consider, from repairs and insurance to their beachfront lot in Southold, which is even closer to the water than their Queens house. Bob, an attorney, had wrangled permits to develop the land after a protracted legal battle, but now they weren’t sure whether to move forward.   

Shore Bet - Photo 4 of 13 - "We live in an old Tudor, so we’ve never had anything new. We said, ‘Let’s go for it—buy the land and make a house.’ Little did we know what we were going to face." Bob Bombara, resident

"We live in an old Tudor, so we’ve never had anything new. We said, ‘Let’s go for it—buy the land and make a house.’ Little did we know what we were going to face." Bob Bombara, resident

"We could have left it empty," Margaret says, "and we thought about it after all the trauma we’d been through." Ultimately, the inveterate beachgoers chose to proceed, albeit cautiously, with a newfound respect for Mother Nature’s might.     

Shore Bet - Photo 5 of 13 - The 2,500-square-foot house has four bedrooms with ensuite baths. It also has an office that allows Bob to work remotely.  Twin Fork Landscape Contracting was hired to enhance the yard.   

The 2,500-square-foot house has four bedrooms with ensuite baths. It also has an office that allows Bob to work remotely. Twin Fork Landscape Contracting was hired to enhance the yard.   


Shore Bet - Photo 6 of 13 - "The whole idea is very simple: <br>If floodwater comes, it flows around <br>and underneath the building. <br>It doesn’t compromise any of the <br>structure above." John Berg, architect

"The whole idea is very simple:
If floodwater comes, it flows around
and underneath the building.
It doesn’t compromise any of the
structure above." John Berg, architect

Fortunately, architect John Berg had been adamant, even before Sandy hit, that their project meet the highest standards of resiliency. "We knew we had to build a rock-solid house," says Berg, who met the Bombaras through the contractors at Seifert Construction.  

Shore Bet - Photo 7 of 13 - Margaret enlisted interior design studio Margali &amp; Flynn to create <br>a contemporary counterpoint to their Tudor in Queens. The cabinetry is by East End Country Kitchens.&nbsp;

Margaret enlisted interior design studio Margali & Flynn to create
a contemporary counterpoint to their Tudor in Queens. The cabinetry is by East End Country Kitchens. 


Shore Bet - Photo 8 of 13 - Having a strong outdoor element was also important. <br>A 32-foot-wide Solar Innovations sliding door connects the kitchen <br>to a deck and pool.&nbsp;

Having a strong outdoor element was also important.
A 32-foot-wide Solar Innovations sliding door connects the kitchen
to a deck and pool. 

That meant going beyond hurricane windows and FEMA’s flood regulations, which required elevating the first floor 14 feet above sea level on wood pilings, and exploring emerging solutions to fortify the structure. Berg had heard of a formidable fiber-cement panel system from Europe called Equitone, and found that it was more moisture- and impact-resistant than the alternative cladding, stucco.  

Shore Bet - Photo 9 of 13 - From there, a private walkway runs to the shore. &nbsp;

From there, a private walkway runs to the shore.  

Margaret appreciated the material’s monolithic veneer and Bob liked that it was practically no-maintenance, and before they knew it, workers were assembling precut pieces from Germany in the street like a giant jigsaw puzzle. The panels were placed with a one-inch gap between them and the building, so that if the home’s skin does get wet in rain, it will dry quickly.   

Shore Bet - Photo 10 of 13 -

 In contrast with the heft of its armor, the home’s interior is light and airy. Bob and Margaret say Sandy rattled their sense of security but also clarified their priorities for what a house should provide. In this case, more room for family to visit, less room for material things. "That’s what this house is all about, minimalism," Margaret declares. "After Sandy, we lost so much stuff, and we’re not replacing any of it." 

Shore Bet - Photo 11 of 13 - Cedar louvers veil hurricane windows by Solar Innovations.

Cedar louvers veil hurricane windows by Solar Innovations.


Shore Bet - Photo 12 of 13 - A vented skirt, also cedar, lets flooding pass under the home in a storm. "Western red cedar has been used near the water in the Northeast for centuries," Berg notes. The site <br>falls in an AE Zone, one of FEMA’s riskiest Special Flood Hazard Areas, so the first floor had to be raised <br>two feet above Base Flood Elevation, or 14 feet above sea level.&nbsp;

A vented skirt, also cedar, lets flooding pass under the home in a storm. "Western red cedar has been used near the water in the Northeast for centuries," Berg notes. The site
falls in an AE Zone, one of FEMA’s riskiest Special Flood Hazard Areas, so the first floor had to be raised
two feet above Base Flood Elevation, or 14 feet above sea level. 


Shore Bet - Photo 13 of 13 -