Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood

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By Byron Loker / Published by Byron Loker
Long inspired by the work of Grain Surfboards based in Maine, San Francisco's own Danny Hess, and my friend Patrick Burnett of Burnett Wood Surfboards in Cape Town, South Africa, I have always wanted to build my own wooden surfboard.

There are any number of plans and templates and techniques available online these days, however, I have never had the right set of circumstances to undertake such an ambitious project. That was until last summer when, after working as a videographer and photographer at Camp Thunderbird in Minnesota, I had the remarkable opportunity to begin making "The Redwood Thunderboard", thanks to my good friend Bill Wilson, the maintenance manager of the camp.

Bill kindly gave me free reign in his perfectly equipped workshop and he also suggested I "harvest" the material for the project from discarded camp sailboats. The boats were handmade in the 1950s by the-then maintenance manager, Arnold. After toiling a few planks off the old boats with a claw hammer, crowbar and some cussing, I found that the wood was as clean and good as ever, even after over 70 years of weathering in the North Woods.

I set to work in the fall and it took about two months to get the basic form of the board together and finished, before the harsh Northern winter set in and it was time to decamp to the sunnier climes of Southern California, where I was able to finish up with fiberglass and set my board to water.

Here are some photographs illustrating the journey. As Grain perfectly put it: "We love building surfboards. The process, the tools, the material, all come together to give a great sense of satisfaction. It’s the process that we’re passionate about—a process that's thoughtful—with sustainability, longevity, quality, and awesomeness built in." 

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 1 of 26 - These sailboats were handmade at Camp Thunderbird in Minnesota in the 50s from old growth Redwood—making it about 70 years old now.

These sailboats were handmade at Camp Thunderbird in Minnesota in the 50s from old growth Redwood—making it about 70 years old now.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 2 of 26 - The first task was carefully to prize off as many strips of Redwood as I could, without tearing them too much, and remove any nails and screws.

The first task was carefully to prize off as many strips of Redwood as I could, without tearing them too much, and remove any nails and screws.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 3 of 26 - Some running repairs to get planks ship-shape again.

Some running repairs to get planks ship-shape again.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 4 of 26 - This guy—I named him Chuck—kept me company from time to time as I "toiled" cleaning up the lumber under the beautiful North Woods sun, surrounded by tall, whispering pines. Nice work, if you can get it.

This guy—I named him Chuck—kept me company from time to time as I "toiled" cleaning up the lumber under the beautiful North Woods sun, surrounded by tall, whispering pines. Nice work, if you can get it.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 5 of 26 - Once clean, planks were re-sawn on a table saw to get about 2 inch wide strips, then re-sawn again so that they were about a quarter inch thick.

Once clean, planks were re-sawn on a table saw to get about 2 inch wide strips, then re-sawn again so that they were about a quarter inch thick.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 6 of 26 - Titebond II to laminate the thin strips together for the top (deck) and bottom layers of the board.

Titebond II to laminate the thin strips together for the top (deck) and bottom layers of the board.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 7 of 26 - Meanwhile, the shape of the board comes from these ribs, cut from a template downloaded off the Internet, printed to paper and glued to a plywood board. It's not easy to find free, effective templates. Your best bet is to buy one, from about $100, from pros such as www.grainsurfboards.com . I had to modify and tweak the downloaded design here, aiming for a 6'2'' single-fin that's very wide at 22'', for easy paddling and stability.

Meanwhile, the shape of the board comes from these ribs, cut from a template downloaded off the Internet, printed to paper and glued to a plywood board. It's not easy to find free, effective templates. Your best bet is to buy one, from about $100, from pros such as www.grainsurfboards.com . I had to modify and tweak the downloaded design here, aiming for a 6'2'' single-fin that's very wide at 22'', for easy paddling and stability.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 8 of 26 - The "stringer" is the backbone of the board. From this comes the all-important "rocker", the degree to which the board curves from nose to tail. This looks good, the final product though has less than desirable rocker. It came out very flat, making the board prone to nose-diving. A lesson learned for the next one.

The "stringer" is the backbone of the board. From this comes the all-important "rocker", the degree to which the board curves from nose to tail. This looks good, the final product though has less than desirable rocker. It came out very flat, making the board prone to nose-diving. A lesson learned for the next one.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 9 of 26 - Assembling the ribs to the stringer to form the "skeleton". (See the low-tech clamping technique in the background—bins of water to add weight to the gluing process).

Assembling the ribs to the stringer to form the "skeleton". (See the low-tech clamping technique in the background—bins of water to add weight to the gluing process).

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 10 of 26 - Clamping the deck and bottom to the skeleton by all means necessary—threaded rods, G-clamps, strips of PVC pipe, and later, those water bins on top.

Clamping the deck and bottom to the skeleton by all means necessary—threaded rods, G-clamps, strips of PVC pipe, and later, those water bins on top.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 11 of 26 - Detail showing the outline of the tail shape. I used strips and blocks of white pine and spruce for the tail and nose, also the "rails"—the edges of the board.

Detail showing the outline of the tail shape. I used strips and blocks of white pine and spruce for the tail and nose, also the "rails"—the edges of the board.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 12 of 26 - Taking shape.

Taking shape.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 13 of 26 - The rough cut.

The rough cut.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 14 of 26 - After many hours of belt and orbital sanding, especially shaping the rails, things start coming together.

After many hours of belt and orbital sanding, especially shaping the rails, things start coming together.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 15 of 26 - The all important stringer autograph. This went through a few iterations before glassing.

The all important stringer autograph. This went through a few iterations before glassing.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 16 of 26 - Before shaping the nose. The small hole in the deck allows for a screw-in plug later, necessary to vent air from the hollow core after each surf. Air trapped inside the board expands with heat, creating pressure.

Before shaping the nose. The small hole in the deck allows for a screw-in plug later, necessary to vent air from the hollow core after each surf. Air trapped inside the board expands with heat, creating pressure.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 17 of 26 - Shaped and ready for glassing. I didn't settle for the Thunderboard logo in the end.

Shaped and ready for glassing. I didn't settle for the Thunderboard logo in the end.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 18 of 26 - I set up shop in the backyard of good friends Lisa and Donny in Newport Beach, CA for the next steps—fiberglassing. I was fortunate enough to enjoy a good 3 weeks of sunny skies and 70 degree heat. It's not ideal to glass outdoors, and proved a difficult process. The glass didn't quite dry properly and came out rather rough, but I was happy to finish up. This is a removable keel fin by Maisch that came along for the ride all the way from South Africa.

I set up shop in the backyard of good friends Lisa and Donny in Newport Beach, CA for the next steps—fiberglassing. I was fortunate enough to enjoy a good 3 weeks of sunny skies and 70 degree heat. It's not ideal to glass outdoors, and proved a difficult process. The glass didn't quite dry properly and came out rather rough, but I was happy to finish up. This is a removable keel fin by Maisch that came along for the ride all the way from South Africa.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 19 of 26 - The fiberglass really brings out the best of the rich orange Redwood.

The fiberglass really brings out the best of the rich orange Redwood.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 20 of 26 - Leo inspects my handiwork. As you can see, the glassing is rough; many hours of sanding are now required but I was very eager to baptize "my baby".

Leo inspects my handiwork. As you can see, the glassing is rough; many hours of sanding are now required but I was very eager to baptize "my baby".

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 21 of 26 - One stoked shaper.

One stoked shaper.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 22 of 26 - Waxing up in Long Beach.

Waxing up in Long Beach.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 23 of 26 - Main Street, Seal Beach, California.

Main Street, Seal Beach, California.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 24 of 26 - The surf was very small, perhaps the ideal conditions to take a test ride.

The surf was very small, perhaps the ideal conditions to take a test ride.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 25 of 26 - Paddling in, standing up.

Paddling in, standing up.

Crafting a Hollow Wood Surfboard from Old-Growth Redwood - Photo 26 of 26 - It goes!

It goes!