written by:
February 14, 2014
While Sochi’s true legacy is yet to be written, the questions raised by inflated budgets and shaky construction are already being debated. It’s nothing new. Generations of host cities have had to live in the shadows of the games and a find a second life for billion-dollar stadiums and sports complexes. With their ongoing Olympic City project and book, filmmaker Gary Hustwit (Urbanized, Objectified and Helvetica) and photographer Jon Pack are documenting the aftermath, to show how these massive infrastructure spending sprees leave a mark on the landscape long after the torch moves on. Hustwit sees Sochi as just the same old games.
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  Olympic Velodrome, OAKA, Athens. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Olympic Velodrome, OAKA, Athens. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Grzegorz Kowalski’s sculpture “Reloj Solar," Mexico City. ’68 Olympics Organizers commissioned a series of 22 public artworks from around the world for the Ruta de la Amistad (Road of Friendship). The statues lined ten miles of road in a barren area south of the city, near the newly constructed Olympic village. Mexico City has tripled in size since 1968 and these statues are now in the one of the most densely populated areas of the city. The tiny road has become a major multi-level highway, the Periferico Sur. An effort is underway to restore the statues and relocate them to dedicated sculpture parks nearby. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Grzegorz Kowalski’s sculpture “Reloj Solar," Mexico City. ’68 Olympics Organizers commissioned a series of 22 public artworks from around the world for the Ruta de la Amistad (Road of Friendship). The statues lined ten miles of road in a barren area south of the city, near the newly constructed Olympic village. Mexico City has tripled in size since 1968 and these statues are now in the one of the most densely populated areas of the city. The tiny road has become a major multi-level highway, the Periferico Sur. An effort is underway to restore the statues and relocate them to dedicated sculpture parks nearby. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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  High Dive, Montjuïc Municipal Pool, Barcelona. Kylie Minogue used the pool as the setting for her music video for the song “Slow.” Photo by Jon Pack.
    High Dive, Montjuïc Municipal Pool, Barcelona. Kylie Minogue used the pool as the setting for her music video for the song “Slow.” Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Bar Olímpic, El Raval, Barcelona. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Bar Olímpic, El Raval, Barcelona. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Titova Street, Sarajevo. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Titova Street, Sarajevo. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Montreal Tower, Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, Montreal. Designed by Roger Tallibert. It was originally built to open and close the stadium roof. Now it’s used solely to keep the roof, which is no longer retractable, from collapsing into the stadium. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Montreal Tower, Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, Montreal. Designed by Roger Tallibert. It was originally built to open and close the stadium roof. Now it’s used solely to keep the roof, which is no longer retractable, from collapsing into the stadium. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Bubble Boy, Roses Swimming Pool, Rome. Site of water polo preliminaries during the 1960 Games. The day I visited, an aquatic supply company had brought inflatable bubbles that children (and even adults) could enter and use to walk across the water. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Bubble Boy, Roses Swimming Pool, Rome. Site of water polo preliminaries during the 1960 Games. The day I visited, an aquatic supply company had brought inflatable bubbles that children (and even adults) could enter and use to walk across the water. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Competitors, Swimming Center at the Olympic Sports Complex, Moscow. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Competitors, Swimming Center at the Olympic Sports Complex, Moscow. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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  Olympic Village, Moscow. Organizers constructed eighteen 16-story towers to house athletes for the Games, but due to the US-led boycott only a handful of the buildings were actually used. Afterwards the units were given to state employees, and the Olympic Village is still a vibrant part of the city. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Olympic Village, Moscow. Organizers constructed eighteen 16-story towers to house athletes for the Games, but due to the US-led boycott only a handful of the buildings were actually used. Afterwards the units were given to state employees, and the Olympic Village is still a vibrant part of the city. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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  Olympic Stadium, Helsinki. Built for the 1940 Olympics, which were canceled due to World War II. Architects: Toivo Jäntti and Yrjö Lindegren. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Olympic Stadium, Helsinki. Built for the 1940 Olympics, which were canceled due to World War II. Architects: Toivo Jäntti and Yrjö Lindegren. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Olympic Village, Käpylä, Helsinki. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Olympic Village, Käpylä, Helsinki. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Speed Skating Oval, Zamboni and Town Hall, Lake Placid. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Speed Skating Oval, Zamboni and Town Hall, Lake Placid. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Cell, Adirondack Correctional Facility, Lake Placid. Used to house Olympic staff during the 1980 Games. Photo by Jon Pack.
    Cell, Adirondack Correctional Facility, Lake Placid. Used to house Olympic staff during the 1980 Games. Photo by Jon Pack.
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  Laoshan Velodrome, Beijing. This imposing structure, designed by Schuermann Architects, is still being used as a velodrome and hosts other indoor sports, like fencing. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Laoshan Velodrome, Beijing. This imposing structure, designed by Schuermann Architects, is still being used as a velodrome and hosts other indoor sports, like fencing. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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  Mascot Pile-up, Olympic Green Park, Beijing. This is apparently where oversized Chinese Olympic plush toys go to die. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Mascot Pile-up, Olympic Green Park, Beijing. This is apparently where oversized Chinese Olympic plush toys go to die. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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  Jesse Robinson Olympic Park, Compton, LA. Jesse Robinson was president of the Southern Pacific Association of AAU, the Southern California governing body for all amateur sports and an advocate for local athletes in Compton. When he passed away in 1987 this small park off the 91 Freeway was named in his honor. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
    Jesse Robinson Olympic Park, Compton, LA. Jesse Robinson was president of the Southern Pacific Association of AAU, the Southern California governing body for all amateur sports and an advocate for local athletes in Compton. When he passed away in 1987 this small park off the 91 Freeway was named in his honor. Photo by Gary Hustwit.
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Olympic Velodrome, OAKA, Athens. Photo by Jon Pack.

“Any time you’re doing that much construction and development from scratch, you’ll have problems,” Hustwit says. “How it’s affecting people in Sochi is harder to gauge. But who knew Sochi two years ago? It’s fantastic branding.”

It appears like they didn’t learn the lessons of Athens, says Hustwit. Sochi is a purpose-built site with no demand, and it’s hard to know how some of the post-Olympic plans for the facilities (casino resorts, training center for the Russian football team) will pan out.

Hustwit and Pack, who have already documented past host cities such as Athens, Moscow and Sarajevo, plan to visit Sochi in a few years, to see how the site has evolved.

“This is about afterwards,” he says. “It’s not about an agenda, it’s just showing what’s it’s like It’s most interesting to see when things return to normal. Cities are long-term experiments.”

It’s a coin toss as to whether future cities will find more sustainable ways to host the Olympics. But, there’s hope -- according to Hustwit, the IOC already ordered a few copies of the book.

You can find out more about the Olympic City Project here. A photo exhibit featuring images from the project will be on display at Block 37 in Chicago (29 W. Randolph Street) through March 7th.

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