There is a pivotal point at which an idea becomes a conversation, a conversation turns into a conspiracy, and a conspiracy foments a movement.
Manifesto: William Morris, “The Lesser Arts of Life” (1877)
Manifesto: F.T. Marinetti, “The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism” (1909)
Manifestos: Le Corbusier, “Towards a New Architecture” (1923)Walter Gropius, “The Theory and Organization of the Bauhaus” (1923)
Manifesto: Robert Venturi, “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture” (1966)
Manifestos: Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961), Congress for the New Urbanism, “Charter of the New Urbanism” (1993)
Manifesto: Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley, “Deconstructivist Architecture” (1988)
Manifesto: Bruce Sterling, “Viridian Design Speech” (1998)
Which comes first, the movement or the manifesto? From Arts and Crafts to eco-design, a 7-step guide to design movements.