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December 7, 2013
Named after its raw aesthetic, Brutalism in modern architecture features elements of strict linear design and repetitive geometric shapes. The controversial style rose to popularity in the 1950s and mostly fell out of favor in the last few decades with the exception of sporadic resurgences in South America and the Middle East. Here are six famous Brutalist buildings featured in Dwell.
Orange County Government Center

Paul Rudolph is famous for his bizarre but beautiful raw designs, including his 1971 design for the Orange County Government Center in upstate New York. The building consists of massive, textured concrete blocks stacked in a haphazard way to comprise the three-dimensional facade. Photo by Chris Mottalini.

Photo by 
Originally appeared in County Government Votes to Save Rudolph's Modernist Hallmark
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Orange County Government Center

For the past few years, residents and politicians in the city of Goshen, New York have been back and forth on whether to restore or demolish the building. An anti-demolition petition has been signed by many and the building has been added to the World Monuments Fund's annual watch list. Photo by Chris Mottalini.

Photo by 
Originally appeared in County Government Votes to Save Rudolph's Modernist Hallmark
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Palace of Assembly by Le Corbusier

Palace of Assembly located in Chandigarh, India, was commissioned by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and built by noted Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Corbusier designed the raw concrete aesthetic to represent the strength of the capital city's future.

Originally appeared in The City of Chandigarh by Le Corbusier
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Secrétariat building by Le Corbusier

Though the Palace of Assembly is one of the most popular Brutalist buildings built by Corbusier, his team built many more government buildings for the city in a similar fashion. The Secrétariat building's facade is designed to be cooled by a system of brise-soleils.

Originally appeared in The City of Chandigarh by Le Corbusier
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Banco de Londres by Clorindo Testa

The Banco de Londres in Buenos Aires was created in the 1950s by Argentine architect Clorindo Testa. The architect and his team were adopted the project after winning a design contest. The building still stands as one of the world's most recognizably Brutalist structures.

Originally appeared in Eye on Buenos Aires
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The Van Pelt Library at the University of Pennsylvania holds intellectual treasures behind its brutalist facade.

Examples of Brutalism can be found on most college campuses nationwide. The University of Pennsylvania's Van Pelt Library, created by architects Harbeson, Hough, Livingston, & Larson, is no exception. The library's blocky, repetitive facade illustrate the distinct Brutalist characteristics of the era.

Originally appeared in Philadelphia, PA
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“Many of Erickson’s buildings have a cold Brutalism about them; [with the Museum of Anthropology] he’s achieved a balance between that with the warmth in his treatment of windows,” says Omer Arbel. “The way the light comes in is almost a mystical experien

Canadian architect Arthur Erickson's Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver is a Brutalist experiment with natural light.

Photo by 
Originally appeared in Vancouver Maneuvers
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Orange County Government Center

Paul Rudolph is famous for his bizarre but beautiful raw designs, including his 1971 design for the Orange County Government Center in upstate New York. The building consists of massive, textured concrete blocks stacked in a haphazard way to comprise the three-dimensional facade. Photo by Chris Mottalini.

Photo by Chris Mottalini.

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