Named after its raw aesthetic, Brutalism in modern architecture features elements of strict linear design and repetitive geometric shapes. The controversial style rose to popularity in the 1950s and mostly fell out of favor in the last few decades with the exception of sporadic resurgences in South America and the Middle East. Here are six famous Brutalist buildings featured in Dwell.
Paul Rudolph is famous for his bizarre but beautiful raw designs, including his 1971 design for the Orange County Government Center in upstate New York. The building consists of massive, textured concrete blocks stacked in a haphazard way to comprise the three-dimensional facade. Photo by Chris Mottalini.
For the past few years, residents and politicians in the city of Goshen, New York have been back and forth on whether to restore or demolish the building. An anti-demolition petition has been signed by many and the building has been added to the World Monuments Fund's annual watch list. Photo by Chris Mottalini.
Palace of Assembly located in Chandigarh, India, was commissioned by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and built by noted Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Corbusier designed the raw concrete aesthetic to represent the strength of the capital city's future.
Though the Palace of Assembly is one of the most popular Brutalist buildings built by Corbusier, his team built many more government buildings for the city in a similar fashion. The Secrétariat building's facade is designed to be cooled by a system of brise-soleils.
The Banco de Londres in Buenos Aires was created in the 1950s by Argentine architect Clorindo Testa. The architect and his team were adopted the project after winning a design contest. The building still stands as one of the world's most recognizably Brutalist structures.
Examples of Brutalism can be found on most college campuses nationwide. The University of Pennsylvania's Van Pelt Library, created by architects Harbeson, Hough, Livingston, & Larson, is no exception. The library's blocky, repetitive facade illustrate the distinct Brutalist characteristics of the era.