One of Madrid’s most enduring architectural symbols, the Puerta de Alcalá was completed in 1778 to monitor the road to the nearby town Alcalá de Henares. Located in the Plaza de la Independencia, on what was once an active livestock route, the gate is made of granite and a local stone known as colmenar.
Don't miss how nicely modern architecture plays against the old stuff in Madrid. Rafael Moneo’s extension of the Prado, sits as nicely next to the neoclassical original as the gothic Monasterio de Jeronimos next door.
The bustle of Gran Viá, one of Madrid’s central arteries in what could just as easily be 4 AM as 4 PM, lives up to its name as “The Grand Road.” Architectural tourists won’t want to miss Gran Viá’s stately Edificio Metrópolis, Edificio Grassy, or the Edificio Telefónica, which were erected in the first half of the last century.